Professor Joy Ogwu is a Professor of political science and international relations. She was the first female Director General, Nigeria Institute of International Relations (2001-2006), and former Minister of Foreign Affairs (2006-2008). She led the Nigerian Delegation on the global negotiation concerning rural women at IFAD in Rome from 1991-1993, and later worked briefly as a Consultant for IFAD, which is a UN agency. In January 2002, she was appointed as a member of the United Nations Secretary General Kofi Annan's Advisory Board on Disarmament Matters, culminating in her appointment as the African Chair of the Board from January 2006-2007.
Professor Ogwu served as the First President of the Executive Board of the UN Women-United Nations entity for gender equality and empowerment of women. She was appointed by the Secretary General Ban Ki-moon to serve as a member of the Board of Trustees of the United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR), 2010-2015. She was the Ambassador of the Elected Member State to serve as the President of the United Nations Security Council for four times (2010; 2011; 2014 and 2015). Ambassador U. Joy Ogwu is the immediate past Nigeria's Permanent Representative to United Nation, a position she held for eight years.